alienation: c. Marxism. (See quot. 1962.) (Marx's term Entäusserung, which he used in ‘Zur Judenfrage’, Deutsch-Französische Jahrbücher, 1844, has been rendered by ‘self-alienation’ and ‘dehumanization’ as well as by ‘alienation’.)
1926 H. J. STENNING tr. Marx's Sel. Essays 95 After Christianity had completed the alienation of man from himself..Judaism [could] attain to general domination and turn the alienated individual..into alienable and saleable objects. 1958 Listener 7 Aug. 194/1 Marx, or at any rate the early Marx, has used a concept, Hegelian in origin, which Berdyaev found immensely fruitful for his own discussion of the idea of objectivity: the concept of ‘alienation’. Men turn or are turned into impoverished things, dependent on power outside themselves. 1962 E. KAMENKA Ethical Foundations Marxism 12 The philosophico-ethical conceptions that underlie the younger Marx. Chief among these conceptions is that of ‘alienation’: the notion that in modern capitalistic society man is estranged or alienated from what are properly his functions and creations and that instead of controlling them he is controlled by them.